The Nativity of Mary – Our Blessed Mother

On September 8th the Church celebrates the feast of the birthday of Mary, our Blessed Mother.

Tradition tells us that Mary was the daughter of Saints Joachim and Anne. She was betrothed to and later married Joseph, a respected Jewish carpenter from Nazareth. Little is known of Mary’s life other than the references to her in the Gospels. She attended the wedding feast at Cana, was present at Jesus’ crucifixion, and was with the Apostles at the coming of the Holy Spirit on Pentecost.

St. Andrew of Crete puts this feast day, celebrated since the 5th century, in perspective for us when he says: “[In the great play of salvation] today’s festival, the birth of the Mother of God, is the joyful prelude, while the final act is the union of the Word [of God] with human flesh.  Through Mary’s birth we are led away from slavery and toward the Truth. We are led away from darkness and toward the Light. Therefore, let all creation sing and dance and unite to make a worthy contribution to the celebration of this day. Let there be one common festival for saints in heaven and people on earth. Let everything join in festive celebration, for today, [through the birth of Mary] this created world is raised to the dignity of a holy place for [her Son] who made all things. The creature is newly prepared to be a divine dwelling place for her Creator.”

We give praise to our Blessed Mother today. We celebrate her being the new Temple, the pristine Tabernacle, our Virgin Mother, who gave birth to our Redeemer. Mary, through her life, gave witness to the true meaning of trust and charity.

Father Joseph R. Upton, the chaplain for The Fra Angelico Institute for the Sacred Arts and assistant pastor in my parish, mentioned in a sermon a few years ago that three births are celebrated in the Church’s calendar: John the Baptist, Mary, and Jesus. All three of these people were devout Jews. It  is through them, and their understanding of trust and charity, that we can see that the Jewish people have always been a people who truly love God. Their love expresses a deep sense of trust, because in love we see that their devotion is based on the virtues of faith and hope which expresses itself in word and deed. Fr. Upton went on to say, “Mary is the bridge” that allows not only the Jewish people, but all people, to see that God has fulfilled the promise that He made to their ancestors.

Mary, our Blessed Mother, enables that promise of redemption to be fulfilled through her “Yes” to the invitation to be the spouse of the Holy Spirit, which enabled the birth of her Son, Jesus to occur. Mary’s personal qualities of simplicity, humility, love, faith, and hope combined into a dynamic personality who, as she grew to adulthood, betrothal, and marriage to Joseph, enabled her to exemplify to all generations the meaning of a life that is full of grace.

Scholars remind us that “The angel Gabriel’s greeting to Mary is of great consequence for our understanding of Mary and Marian doctrine. The greeting has been variously translated as “Rejoice highly favored” and “Hail full of grace.” The object of the varied translations is the Greek word kecharitomene which refers to one who has been transformed by God’s grace. The word is used only one other time in the New Testament and that is in the Epistle to the Ephesians where Paul is addressing those who by becoming Christians are transformed by grace and receive the remission of sins. It is clearly significant that Mary is considered to already have been transformed by grace before the birth of Christ.”  So, we see that God intervened and did not allow the stain of original sin to be passed to Mary. She – as the pure vessel – would partake of the redemptive grace of God before the actual Redemption took place. Her “Yes” to God’s request that she become the Mother of the Incarnate God, Jesus, enabled our Redemption to occur. The scholar Origen (AD 185 -254) wrote: “Because the angel greeted Mary with new expressions, I do not, in fact, recall having read in any other place in the Sacred Scriptures these words: Rejoice, O Full of Grace. Neither of these expressions is ever addressed to a man: such a special greeting was reserved only for Mary.” (this quote is from 

We must remember that Catholics do not worship Mary. Worship is reserved for God alone. The Latin or Western Rite (Roman Catholics and those Eastern Rite churches in union with Rome), and the Eastern Rites  (Orthodox churches) pay respect and reverence to Mary but never worship her. We pay special reverence to her because, she as the mother of the Redeemer, deserves that respect and honor. We also acknowledge her in a special way because Mary intercedes (pleads for mercy on behalf of the Church) before the throne of God in the same way that a mother would intercede with the father on behalf of her children.

Thank you Blessed Mother for all you have done for us – and – Happy Birthday!

Copyright © 2012 Deacon Paul O. Iacono All Rights Reserved.  The above painting is by Fra Angelico. It is entitled Madonna with the Child and Angels, completed between 1435 and 1436. It is egg tempera on wood and measures approximately 27 inches by 4 feet 6 inches. It is in the Diocesan Museum in Camerino, Italy. Thanks to the Art Renewal Center website for the image:

18 thoughts on “The Nativity of Mary – Our Blessed Mother

  1. That was a particularly interesting paragraph about the language of the Angel Gabriel’s greeting to Mary. I had never heard any of that before. I learn so much here! Thank you.


  2. “Mary, our Blessed Mother, enables that promise of redemption to be fulfilled through her “Yes” to the invitation to be the spouse of the Holy Spirit,”

    When was Mary invited to be the spouse of the Holy Spirit? Mary was betrothed to Joseph only.


    1. Hello Susan,

      Good question!

      Chapter 8 of the Dogmatic Constitution of the Church, The Catechism of the Catholic Church, and our Holy Scriptures, specifically the Gospel of Luke (1: 26-38), speak of this invitation.
      Allow me a brief explanation: Mary was predestined by God to be immaculate and free from the stain of any sin. She was, and is, “full of grace.” The angel Gabriel speaks of this when he says to her “Hail, full of grace, the Lord is with you. Blessed are you among women.” She was deeply troubled by his words, and wondered what his greeting meant. The angel went on to say to her: “Do not fear, Mary. You have found favor with God. You shall conceive and bear a son and give him the name Jesus. Great will be his dignity and he will be called Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of David his father. He will rule over the house of Jacob forever and his reign will be without end.”

      You see, implied in the angel’s words is an invitation. An invitation to be the Mother of the Redeemer. There is a choice in his declaration. Mary is pure and full of grace, yet, she still has free will and reason. Thus, she can intellectually understand that this demands a response from her – she has to make a decision in response to the angel’s invitation.

      Mary said to the angel, “How can this be since I do not know man?” The angel answered her: “The Holy Spirit will come upon you and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; therefore the child to be born will be called holy, the Son of God.”

      AND MARY ANSWERED: “Behold, I am the handmaid of the Lord; let it be done to me according to your word.”

      “Let it be done to me according to your word.”

      That is the key sentence; for in that sentence you have Mary’s response to the invitation. She has said “Yes!” As a result of her choice, and the subsequent birth, ministry, death, and resurrection of her Son – we are redeemed – and can choose for ourselves on whether or not we want to be part of His Church.
      Our God does not want robots. He wants us to freely choose Him. He has given us the intelligence, will, reason, and logic to make the decision. So the invitation is always there for us, like it was at that historic moment for Mary. We are allowed to freely choose Him every day until the moment of our death.


      1. The angel’s invitation to Mary was not to be a “spouse” of the Holy Spirit but to be the Mother of God. She was told by the angel that she had found favor with God and was to bear His Son. Her “yes” was her affirmation of being a “handmaid of the Lord” which, as a consecrated virgin, we know she already was! Joseph, an older man and a widower, was to be her (and Christ’s) caregiver and protector only. In those days, this was a common practice.

        Where is there evidence that Mary was “wed to the Holy Spirit?” She was wed to Joseph, but remained a consecrated virgin forever.



    1. Hello John,

      You need to be very careful when you use these terms.
      First, the Bibles that I traditionally use are the Douay Rheims(Confraternity of Christian Doctrine) translation based on the Latin Vulgate and ancient languages, the Revised Standard Version (Catholic Edition), the New American Bible (Catholic Edition), and The Jerusalem Bible. These Bibles are based on the Latin Vulgate, yet through the centuries different translation have attempted to improve the language, and clarify meaning, as a result of scholarship and study.
      These Bibles are all in agreement with saying that Mary was betrothed to Joseph.
      At the time of Jesus, Mary, and Joseph betrothal meant that the future husband would go to the father of his future wife and ask for his blessing on their marriage. This was a limited legal agreement.
      If the father agreed then a date would be set with the rabbi for the formal marriage. At that time in Galilee, the normal period of betrothal was one year. At the end of the one year period the formal marriage would take place. So from a Jewish legal point of view the marriage would have eventually taken place. The period of confusion that Joseph went through and the calming of his mind by the visitation by the angel, eventually allowed the normal procedure of betrothal to be followed and ended any speculation in Joseph’s mind to turn Mary over to the religious authorities for punishment because she was pregnant.
      Joseph was a “just” man, he ultimately understood that Mary would be stoned to death because of what he initially and naturally thought was her indiscretion. But, the angel calmed his mind, allowed him to understand in a limited way what was going on, and to proceed on to the marriage.
      Let’s remember Catholic teaching: Mary is the spouse of the Holy Spirit. It was the will of the Father that she would be spiritually wed to the Holy Spirit, as the New Eve. She becomes pregnant with the Son of God – the promised Messiah – through the indwelling of the Holy Spirit within her.


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